Public assistance program provides financial assistance for disaster recovery

FEMA provides supplemental federal disaster grant assistance for debris removal, life-saving emergency protective measures, and the repair, replacement, or restoration of disaster-damaged publicly-owned facilities, and the facilities of certain PNP organizations 

Individual & small business assistanceread more on public assistance program >>

FEMA Public assistance program provides federal grants funded under the stafford act for emergency RESPONSES & protections

Emergency protective measures (Category B) is perhaps the broadest eligible form of assistance in the PA Program, as it includes all activities that are “undertaken by a community before, during, and following a disaster that are necessary to ... eliminate or reduce an immediate threat to life, public health, or safety; or eliminate or reduce an immediate threat of significant damage to improved public or private property through cost-effective measures.  

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FEMA Public assistance program PROVIDES federal grants funded under the stafford act FOR EMERGENCY SHELTERING & HOUSING

Examples of eligible emergency activities include the establishment of temporary shelters and community service facilities,critical power generation, demolition of unsafe buildings, operation of emergency communications systems, and more. FEMA regulations define emergency work as “work which must be done immediately to save lives and to protect improved property and public health and safety, or to avert or lessen the threat of a major disaster."

Individual & small business assistanceread more about emergency sheltering >>

FEMA Public assistance program provides federal grants funded under the stafford act for repairs to roads & bridges

FEMA provides supplemental federal disaster grant assistance on  on a cost-share basis after deductions for insurance. Grants require compliance with
2 CFR 200 - UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, COST PRINCIPLES, AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS. 

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FEMA Public assistance program PROVIDES Federal grants funded under the stafford act FOR DEBRIS REMOVAL OPERATIONS

When a disaster strikes a community, it can produce a large volume of debris ranging from tree limbs, destroyed cars, chemicals and other hazardous materials, building materials, etc. Debris can have immediate impacts such as blocking emergency routes, and can also inhibit a community’s overall recovery and prevent the safe return of residents to their homes if they were evacuated. Managing the debris removal process is a fundamental challenge in responding to any disaster, and is guided by a number of regulatory requirements

Individual & small business assistanceread more on debris removal

FEMA Public assistance program provides federal grants funded under the stafford act for repair & replacement of buildings

FEMA provides supplemental federal disaster grant assistance on  on a cost-share basis after deductions for insurance to help restore eligible facilities on the basis of the design of such facility as it existed immediately prior to the major disaster and in conformity with current applicable codes, specifications, and standards (includingfloodplain management and hazard mitigation criteria). FEMA provides the assistance only after all eligible work on a PA project has been completed in its entirety. The process for reimbursing by actual costs is governed by regulations,and allows for the scope ofthe project to evolve as the project is commenced, so long as these changes are approved by FEMA.

Individual & small business assistanceread more on damaged assets >>

FEMA Public assistance program PROVIDES  federal grants funded under the stafford act INCLUDING DECLARED WILDFIRES

FEMA provides supplemental federal disaster grant assistance on  on a cost-share basis after deductions for insurance. Grants require compliance with
2 CFR 200 - UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS, COST PRINCIPLES, AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS FOR FEDERAL AWARDS. 

Individual & small business assistanceread more on wildfires >>

FEMA PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

Federal assistance in the wake of disasters is coordinated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), a component of the Department of Homeland Security. Under the Public Assistance (PA) Program, FEMA provides supplemental aid to states, communities, and certain private nonprofit organizations (PNPs) to help them recover from disasters as quickly as possible.

Public Assistance (PA) is FEMA’s largest grant program providing funds to assist communities responding to and recovering from major disasters or emergencies declared by the President. The program provides emergency assistance to save lives and protect property, and assists with permanently restoring community infrastructure affected by a federally declared incident.

Public Assistance is a reimbursement program

Applicants submit Requests for Public Assistance (RPAs) within 30 days of the disaster declaration. Applicants must demonstrate the damage is in a designated area, the applicant has legal responsibility to perform the work and the cost is reasonable. Throughout the Public Assistance process, FEMA reviews eligibility of the applicant, facility, work and cost. Once FEMA and the state review and approve the government agencies’ or nonprofits’ RPAs, applicants work with their FEMA representative to develop a damage inventory.

Importance of Submitting Documents

FEMA works with applicants to compile their damage inventory, a detailed list that may include emergency work performed and disaster-damaged roads, facilities and other infrastructure. This is the foundation of Public Assistance projects.

Applicants must submit their completed damage inventory to FEMA within 60 days of the Recovery Scoping Meeting, the first substantive meeting of the Public Assistance delivery process between the applicants, state and FEMA.

Government agencies and nonprofits need to submit information and documentation so FEMA can make an eligibility determination. These may include contracts, invoices, procurement policies, labor records, lists of equipment used and maintenance records.

Project Categories

FEMA processes PA grant funding according to the type of work the applicant undertakes. Eligible work must be required as a result of the declared incident, be located in the designated area, be the legal responsibility of the applicant, and be undertaken at a reasonable cost.

Eligible work is classified into the following categories:

Emergency Work Category

A: Debris removal
B: Emergency protective measures

Permanent Work Category

C: Roads and bridges Category
D: Water control facilities Category
E: Public buildings and contents Category
F: Public utilities Category
G: Parks, recreational, and other facilities.

Federal funding guidelines for each of these categories are listed in the Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide, which is located online at https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/111781.

Documentation is important because it supports the applicants’claims before FEMA approves cost estimates for disaster-related expenses.

Site Visits, Damage Descriptions, Scopes of Work and Cost

FEMA staff visit sites identified by applicants to evaluate and collect any additional information on damaged or destroyed infrastructure. Most sites will require a physical inspection, which involves a FEMA site inspector and the applicant (or applicant’s point of contact).

FEMA then helps state and local officials develop project descriptions, scopes of work and documentation of the costs to repair damage or replace a facility.

Public Assistance also encourages protection of these damaged facilities by providing additional funding assistance for hazard mitigation measures to protect them from future damage. The scopes of work may include these efforts and any additional funding must be cost-effective and reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from disasters.

FEMA reviews and validates information and documentation submitted by an applicant to ensure compliance with federal regulations for: insurance,contracts, procurement policies, permits, and environmental and historical preservation. Additional information may be requested during this step of the process. Once all reviews are complete, applicants then agree to the funding terms and sign off on the projects.

After FEMA Obligates Funds

FEMA obligates funds to the state once a project meets Stafford Act eligibility requirements.

The state is the official recipient of FEMA federal assistance.The state is then responsible for disbursing the money to applicants.

FEMA may obligate money to reimburse eligible disaster-related costs only after validating that the applicable eligibility criteria are met.

FEMA’s Public Assistance is a cost-sharing program which reimburses applicants at least 75 percent of eligible costs. The remaining 25 percent share is covered by the State Grantee.

Once funds are obligated, the state reimburses applicants directly based upon their policies and procedures.