The second Category of Work under Emergency Work is Category B: Emergency Protective Measures.
This subsection of Emergency Work discusses activities designated as emergency protective measures and eligibility requirements surrounding them.
For more information on the topic of emergency protective measures, please refer to the course: IS-1010: Emergency Protective Measures.
Emergency Protective Measures conducted before, during, and after an incident are eligible if the measures:
FEMA may require certification by Federal, State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government officials that a threat exists, including:
The groupings align with the eligibility measures previously discussed. Emergency Protective Measures must:
Saving Lives and Protecting Public Health and Safety
The following emergency protective measures and costs are potentially eligible because the actions save lives or protect public health or safety. This list is not all-inclusive.
Protecting Improved Property
Emergency Protective Measures to protect improved property that are generally eligible include:
This list is not all-inclusive.
Emergency Protective Measures on Private Property
The Applicant must include the following support documentation with the claim for the work to be eligible:
If the above criteria are not met, the private property owner may be eligible for assistance under FEMA's Individual Assistance Programs. FEMA staff will coordinate to ensure the same work is not funded by both programs.
Private nonprofit organizations have specific and additional requirements they must meet in order to receive grant funding for emergency protective measures.
Emergency services are usually the responsibility of State, Local, Tribal, or Territorial governments. Therefore, private nonprofits are generally not legally responsible for emergency services and FEMA does not provide Public Assistance funding to private nonprofits for the costs associated with providing those services.
When a private nonprofit provides emergency services at the request of and is certified by the legally responsible government entity, FEMA provides Public Assistance funding through that government entity as the eligible Applicant. These services include:
Eligible Emergency Protective Measures for private nonprofits are generally limited to activities that prevent damage to an eligible facility and its contents.
Medical or Custodial Care
Private nonprofits that own or operate a medical or custodial care facility are eligible for direct reimbursement of costs related to patient evacuation. In limited circumstances, FEMA may also reimburse a private nonprofit directly when essential components of a facility are urgently needed to save lives or protect health and safety, such as an emergency room of a private nonprofit hospital or a private nonprofit sewage or water treatment plant.
Volunteer Fire Departments
A State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government through an established agreement, may designate the private nonprofit volunteer fire department as an official recognized entity legally authorized to provide emergency services in specifically designated areas of coverage. FEMA may reimburse the volunteer fire department directly as an eligible Applicant.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 1
Costs related to pre-positioning resources specifically for the declared incident are eligible if the resources are used in the performance of eligible Emergency Work.
Pre-positioning resources for the purpose of evacuating, or providing emergency medical care during the evacuation period (such as ambulances and busses), is eligible even if those resources are not ultimately used, provided the staging of those resources was necessary and prudent based on the data at the time of staging.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 2
The Applicant may incur additional costs related to operating a facility as a result of the incident because of an increased demand for the services the facility provides.
These additional costs are only eligible if:
Potentially eligible increased operating costs include, but are not limited to, costs for:
Ineligible operating costs include, but are not limited to:
See the Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide (Chapter 2) for exceptions to ineligible operating costs.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 3
A State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government may provide emergency communication services and public transportation when existing systems are damaged to the extent vital functions of community life or incident response are disrupted.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 4
Flood fighting activities are eligible if necessary to reduce an immediate threat to life, public health and safety, or improved property.
Flood fighting activities may include, but are not limited to:
The repair of deliberate breaches made by the Applicant to accomplish dewatering is eligible as part of the Emergency Work project.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 5
The Applicant may use its Emergency Operations Center to direct and coordinate resources and response activities for a period of time. Response activities conducted at emergency operations centers are eligible provided they are associated with eligible work.
Costs associated with operating the executive Emergency Operations Center are also eligible, including, but not limited to:
Common Emergency Protective Measure 6
If the extent of damage makes access routes to an essential community service or to a community with survivors inaccessible, work related to providing access may be eligible.
Removal of debris from a privately-owned facility, including those within gated communities, is eligible only when all of the following conditions are met:
Common Emergency Protective Measure 7
The purchase of supplies and commodities required for emergency protective measures is eligible.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 8
Applicants often provide meals for emergency workers. Provision of meals, including beverages and meal supplies, for employees and volunteers engaged in eligible Emergency Work, including those at emergency operations centers, is eligible provided the individuals are not receiving per diem and one of the following circumstances apply:
FEMA only reimburses the cost of meals that are brought to the work location and purchased in a cost-effective and reasonable manner, such as bulk meals. FEMA does not reimburse costs related to group outings at restaurants or individual meals.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 9
When the emergency medical delivery system within a declared area is destroyed, severely compromised, or overwhelmed, FEMA may fund extraordinary costs associated with operating emergency rooms and with providing temporary facilities for emergency medical care of survivors.
Eligible medical care may include, but is not limited to:
Ineligible medical costs include:
Common Emergency Protective Measure 10
Evacuation and sheltering of survivors are eligible activities. This includes household pets and service and assistance animals, but not exhibition or livestock animals. The sheltering activity must have legal responsibility and being funded through the governmental entity.
Eligible evacuation and sheltering activities include:
(Refer to Section VI.B.10 of the Public Assistance Program and Policy Guide.)
Common Emergency Protective Measure 11
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has primary authority to enable support and assistance to States, Territorial, or Tribal Governments in response to an infectious disease event.
FEMA may provide assistance for the rescue, evacuation, and movement of persons; movement of supplies; and care, shelter, and other essential needs of affected human populations. Any assistance provided by FEMA in response to an infectious disease event is done in coordination with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 12
Mosquito abatement measures may be eligible when a State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government public health official validates in writing that a mosquito population poses a specific health threat.
FEMA consults with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to determine the eligibility of mosquito abatement activities. FEMA only provides Public Assistance funding for the increased cost of mosquito abatement. This is the amount that exceeds the average amount based on the last 3 years of expenses for the same period.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 13
To reduce the number of survivors needing shelter, FEMA may provide limited Public Assistance funding to a State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government to repair residential electrical meters. To receive Public Assistance funding, the State, Territorial, Tribal, or Local government must:
Only residential properties are eligible for this program. Commercial properties, including apartment complexes are not eligible.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 14
Post-incident safety inspections for public and private facilities are eligible, as well as posting appropriate placards (e.g., "red-tagging" a building that is unsafe).
The specific purpose of the inspection must be to determine whether the facility is safe for entry, occupancy, and lawful use.
The Applicant must clearly substantiate that the purpose of the inspection was for safety and not to assess damage. Building inspections are not eligible if the purpose of the inspection is to:
Removal and disposal of animal carcasses, including interim processing, is eligible. If the removal and disposal is conducted as part of the overall debris removal operations, the work may be funded as Category A.
FEMA may require certification from the State, Local, Tribal, or Territorial government health department, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or the U.S. Department of Agriculture that a threat to public health and safety exists.
FEMA does not provide Public Assistance funding when another Federal agency has authority to provide assistance for carcass removal and disposal.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 15
Emergency demolition of structures located on private property may be eligible when partial or complete collapse is imminent and that collapse poses an immediate threat to the general public.
Demolition of structures owned by commercial enterprises, including businesses, apartments, and condominiums, are generally ineligible.
In some instances, restricting public access to an unsafe structure and the surrounding area, such as securing the area with a fence, is sufficient to alleviate the immediate threat and is more cost-effective than demolition. In these cases, demolition is not eligible.
If a structure is condemned prior to the incident, emergency protective measures related to that structure are not eligible.
FEMA must review the Applicant's demolition process for compliance with all applicable environmental and historic preservation laws, regulations, and executive orders.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 16
If the applicant provides essential community services at a facility that is unsafe, inaccessible, or destroyed as a result of the incident, temporary relocation of these service to another facility is eligible.
Eligible temporary relocation of essential services includes, but are not limited to:
Common Emergency Protective Measure 17
If a natural or engineered beach has eroded to a point where a 5-year flood could damage improved property, cost-effective emergency protective measures on the beach that protect against damage from that flood are eligible.
Eligible measures typically include the construction of emergency sand berms to protect against additional damage from a 5-year flood. The Applicant may construct emergency berms with sand recovered from the beach or with imported sand. If the Applicant constructs the berm with imported sand, FEMA will only provide Public Assistance funding if the sand is from a source that meets applicable environmental regulations and one of the following circumstances exists:
Based on the average expected erosion for a 5-year flood, FEMA only provides Public Assistance funding for emergency berms constructed with up to 6 cubic yards per linear foot of sand above the 5-year stillwater elevation or the berm's pre-storm profile, whichever is less. In some cases, placing sand below the 5-year stillwater elevation may be necessary to provide a base for the berm. The placement of that sand is eligible as part of the emergency protective measure.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 18
Temporary emergency repair or stabilization of an eligible facility is eligible as Emergency Work if it eliminates or lessens an immediate threat.
Temporary emergency repair of a facility is not eligible if another Federal agency has the specific authority to provide assistance for the facility, such as for:
For Tribal Governments specifically, although the Bureau of Indian Affairs or Federal Highway Administration may have authority to provide temporary emergency repair of Tribal roads, such roads may be eligible for Public Assistance funding, provided the Tribal Government does not receive funding from Bureau of Indian Affairs or Federal Highway Administration for the work.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 19
If a landslide or other slope instability is triggered by the incident and poses an immediate threat to life, public health and safety, or improved public or private property, emergency protective measures to stabilize the slope may be eligible.
Eligible emergency protective measures include, but are not limited to:
Common Emergency Protective Measure 20
The incident may cause facilities to be inundated or exposed to wet and humid weather conditions for extended periods of time. These conditions may cause growth and spreading of mold in structures and on contents, causing threats to public health and increasing the repair cost.
The following remediation activities may be eligible as emergency protective measures:
For mold remediation to be eligible, mold must not be a result of poor facility maintenance or failure to take protective measures to prevent the spread of mold in a reasonable time after the incident.
Common Emergency Protective Measure 21
FEMA provides limited Public Assistance funding for snow-related activities when the President declares an incident as a snowstorm or specifically authorizes snow assistance in a declaration for a severe winter storm.
Snow-related activities are only eligible emergency protective measures when a winter storm event results in record or near-record snowfall. Snow assistance is authorized by county based on the finding that the county received record or near-record snowfall or meets the contiguous county criteria.
Snow-related activities that may be eligible include:
Limited Time Period for Work
Snow-related activities are eligible for a continuous 48-hour period to address the most critical emergency needs. Each Applicant designates the beginning of its 48-hour period. However, a State agency that conducts snow-related activities in multiple locations throughout a State, such as a Department of Transportation, may use different 48-hour periods for different locations.
Once FEMA approves a project for the Applicant's designated 48-hour period, the Applicant cannot change its selected period.
If the Applicant awards a contract for periods greater than the 48-hour period, Public Assistance funding is limited to the costs incurred during the 48-hour period.
The FEMA Assistant Administrator of the Recovery Directorate may extend the eligible period by 24 hours in counties, parishes, or Tribal Government areas where the snowfall exceeds the historical record snowfall by at least 50 percent.