Roads

Top Notes

Roads (paved,  gravel, and dirt)  that are the responsibility of an eligible applicant are eligible for permanent repair or replacement under the Public Assistance Program, unless they are Federal-Aid Roads (see Federal-Aid Roads). Eligible work includes  repair to surfaces, bases, shoulders, ditches, culverts, low water crossings, and other features, such as guardrails. Damage to the road  must be disaster-related to be eligible  for repair. In addition, repairs  necessary as the  result  of normal deterioration, such as “alligator cracking,”  are not eligible because  it is pre-disaster damage.

Landslides and washouts often affect roads. Earthwork in the vicinity of a road may be eligible, but only if the work is necessary to ensure the structural integrity of the road (see Landslides).

Road or bridge closures resulting from a disaster may increase traffic loads on nearby roads. If diverted  traffic causes damage to a road, FEMA may pay to repair this damage if no alternative route  is available.

Restoration of a damaged road may include upgrades necessary to meet current codes and  standards, as defined by the State or local department of highways (see Codes and Standards). Typical standards affect lane width, loading  design, and construction materials.

FOOT NOTES

Roads (paved,  gravel, and dirt) that are the responsibility of an eligible applicant are  eligible for permanent repair or replacement under the Public Assistance  Program, unless they are Federal-Aid Roads (see Federal-Aid  Roads). Eligible work includes repair to surfaces,  bases, shoulders, ditches, culverts, low water crossings, and other features,  such as guardrails. Damage to the road must be disaster-related to be  eligible for repair. In addition, repairs necessary as the result of normal  deterioration, such as “alligator cracking,” are not eligible because it is  pre-disaster damage.
   Landslides and washouts often affect roads.  Earthwork in the vicinity of a road may be eligible, but only if the work is  necessary to ensure the structural integrity of the road (see Landslides).
   Road or bridge closures resulting from a  disaster may increase traffic loads on nearby roads. If diverted traffic  causes damage to a road, FEMA may pay to repair this damage if no alternative  route is available.
   Restoration of a damaged road may include  upgrades necessary to meet current codes and standards, as defined by the  State or local department of highways (see Codes  and Standards). Typical standards affect lane  width, loading design, and construction materials.
   (See Categories of  Work.)
   References:   Section 102(9)(B) of the Stafford Act
   44 CFR §206.221(h) and §206.226(a) and (d)
   Public Assistance Guide, FEMA 322, pages 20, 21,  25-26, 66, 68, 79-82

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